Goa is a beach goers’ paradise. It is a state where you can have fun. It is the Las Vegas of India. I have always loved this beautiful state. The history of Goa truly surprised me. I never knew this little state had such a fabulous history. I would like to share that history with you.
These are the Sumerian times. There was a reference to Goa by King Gudea of Lagash. At that time, Goa was referred to as Gubio in one of the cuneiforms. The fields in Goa also follow the Sumerian measure. This was in 2200 BC. The Phoenicians settled in Goa in 1775 BC.
This is the later Vedic period and the period when Mahabharata was written. Goa is referred to as Gomantak in Sanskrit. The world literally means fertile land with good waters. It was regarded equal to paradise on earth.
In around 1750 BC, there was Aryan invasion from the Northwest. The Aryans settled near the Saraswati river in Punjab. The regions suffered drought and famine. The Aryan Brahmins were forced to eat fish. Many of them emigrated to Rajputana, Sind and Bengal (Gaud). Some Saraswat Brahmins went East to Bengal and were the first to settle in Goa. This was back in 1000 BC. There are tales of Parasuram and how he forced the sea to withdraw so that people could settle there.
In 200 BC, Goa became the southern fringe of Ashoka’s empire. The Aryans compelled the southern rulers to move to the extreme south of India.
- There is a reference to Goa and Chandrapur in the Turkish Book Mohit written by Sidi Ali Kodupon in AD 554. There were numerous dynasties that ruled Goa in different eras. Here is a comprehensive list:
- The Scytho-parthians ruled Goa between 2nd and 4th century AD
- Abhiras, Bhojas and Batpura ruled between 4th and 6th century AD
- The Rashtrakutas of Malkhed ruled between the 8th and the 10th century AD
- The Kadambas ruled between 1006 and 1356 AD
- In 1492, the Bahmani Kingdom split into five kingdoms